Torsten H. Struck

Frontiers in Evolutionary Zoology

Peer-viewed publications

  1. Elgetany, A. H., van Rensburg, H., Hektoen, M., Matthee, C., Budaeva, N., Simon, C. A. & Struck, T. H. (2020). Species delineation in the speciation grey zone - the case of Diopatra (Annelida, Onuphidae). Zoologica Scripta 49: 516-534. DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12421
  2. Pazoki, S., Rahimian, H., Struck, T. H., Katouzian, A. R. & Kupriyanova, E. K. (2020). A new species of the Spirobranchus kraussii-complex (Annelida, Serpulidae) from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. ZooTaxa 4748: 401-430. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4748.3.1
  3. Cerca, J., Meyer, C., Stateczny, D., Siemon, D., Wegbrod, J., Purschke, G., Dimitrov, D. & Struck, T. H. (2020). Deceleration of morphological evolution in a cryptic species complex and its link to paleontological stasis. Evolution 74: 116-131. DOI:10.1111/evo.13884
  4. Cerca, J., Meyer, C., Purschke, G. & Struck, T. H. (2020). Delimitation of cryptic species drastically reduces the geographical ranges of marine interstitial ghost-worms (Stygocapitella; Annelida, Sedentaria). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 143: 106663. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2019.106663
  5. Cerca, J., Purschke, G. & Struck, T. H. (2018). Marine connectivity dynamics: Clarifying cosmopolitan distributions of marine interstitial invertebrates and the meiofauna paradox. Marine Biology 165: 123. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-018-3383-2
  6. Helm, C., Beckers, P., Bartolomaeus, T., Drukewitz, S.H., Kourtesis, I., Weigert, A., Purschke, G., Worsaae, K., Struck, T. H. & Bleidorn, C. (2018). Convergent evolution of the ladder-like ventral nerve cord in Annelida. Frontiers in Zoology 15: 36. DOI: 10.1186/s12983-018-0280-y
  7. Ramey-Balci, P., Fiege, D. & Struck, T. H. (2018). Molecular phylogeny, morphology, and distribution of six species of Polygordius (Polychaeta: Polygordiidae) in the Atlantic and Mediterranean. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 127: 919-930. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.06.039
  8. Struck, T. H., Feder, J. L., Bendiksby, M., Birkeland, S., Cerca, J., Gusarov, V. I., Kistenich, S., Larsson, K.-H., Liow, L. H., Nowak, M. D., Stedje, B., Bachmann, L. & Dimitrov, D. (2018) Finding Evolutionary Processes Hidden in Cryptic Species. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 33: 153-163. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2017.11.007
  9. Elgetany, A. H., El-Ghobashy, A. E., Ghoneim, A. M. & Struck, T. H. (2018) Description of a new species of the genus Marphysa (Eunicidae), Marphysa aegypti sp.n., based on molecular and morphological evidence. Invertebrate Zoology 15:71–84. DOI: 10.15298/invertzool.15.1.05
  10. Struck, T. H., Koczula, J., Stateczny, D., Meyer, C. & Purschke, G. (2017). Two new species in the annelid genus Stygocapitella (Orbiniida, Parergodrilidae) with comments on their biogeography. ZooTaxa 4286: 301–332. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4286.3.1
  11. Kocot, K. M., Struck. T. H., Merkel, J., Waits, D. S., Todt, C., Brannock, P. M., Weese, D. A., Cannon, J. T., Moroz, L. L., Lieb, B. & Halanych, K. M. (2017). Phylogenomics of Lophotrochozoa with Consideration of Systematic Error. Systematic Biology 66: 256–282. DOI: 10.1093/sysbio/syw079
  12. Aguado, M. T., Richter, S., Sontowski, R., Golombek, A., Struck, T. H. & Bleidorn, C. (2016). Syllidae mitochondrial gene order is unusually variable for Annelida. Gene 594: 89-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2016.08.050
  13. Sielaff, M., Schmidt, H., Struck, T. H., Rosenkranz, D., Mark Welch, D. B., Hankeln, T. & Herlyn, H. (2016). Phylogeny of Syndermata (syn. Rotifera): Mitochondrial gene order verifies epizoic Seisonidea as sister to endoparasitic Acanthocephala within monophyletic Hemirotifera. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 96: 79–92. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.11.017
  14. Weigert, A., Golombek, A., Gerth, M., Schwarz, F., Struck, T. H. & Bleidorn, C. (2016). Evolution of mitochondrial gene order in Annelida. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 94: 196–206. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.08.008
  15. Struck, T. H., Golombek, A., Weigert, A., Franke, F. A., Westheide, W., Purschke, G., Bleidorn, C. & Halanych, K. M. (2015). The evolution of annelids reveals two adaptive routes to the interstitial realm. Current Biology 25: 1993–1999. DOI:10.1016/j.cub.2015.06.007
  16. Golombek, A., Tobergte, S. & Struck, T. H. (2015). Elucidating the phylogenetic position of Gnathostomulida and first mitochondrial genomes of Gnathostomulida, Gastrotricha and Polycladida (Platyhelminthes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 86: 49–63. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2015.02.013
  17. Struck, T. H., Haug, C., Haszprunar, G., Prpic, N. & Haug, J. T. (2015). Enalikter aphson is more likely an annelid than an arthropod: A comment to Siveter et al. (2014). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological sciences 282: 2014094. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0946
  18. Purschke, G., Bleidorn, C. & Struck, T. H. (2014). Systematics, evolution and phylogeny of Annelida – a morphological perspective. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 71: 247–269. DOI: 10.24199/j.mmv.2014.71.19
  19. Struck, T. H., Wey-Fabrizius, A. R., Golombek, A., Hering, L., Weigert, A., Bleidorn, C., Klebow, S., Iakovenko, N., Hausdorf, B., Petersen, M., Kück, P., Herlyn, H. & Hankeln, T. (2014). Platyzoan paraphyly based on phylogenomic data supports a non-coelomate ancestry of Spiralia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 31: 1833–1849. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msu143
  20. Weigert, A., Helm, C., Meyer, M., Nickel, B., Arendt, D., Hausdorf, B., Santos, S. R., Halanych, K. M., Purschke, G., Bleidorn, C. & Struck, T. H. (2014). Illuminating the base of the annelid tree using transcriptomics. Molecular Biology and Evolution 31: 1391–1401. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msu080
  21. Struck, T. H. (2014). TreSpEx – Detection of misleading signal in phylogenetic reconstructions based on tree information. Evolutionary Bioinformatics 10: 51-67. DOI: 10.4137/EBO.S14239
  22. Kück, P. & Struck, T. H. (2014). BaCoCa – a heuristic software tool for the parallel assessment of sequence biases in hundreds of gene and taxon partitions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 94–98. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.09.011
  23. Nesnidal, M. P., Helmkampf, M., Meyer, A., Witek, A., Bruchhaus, I., Ebersberger, I., Hankeln, T., Lieb, B., Struck, T. H. & Hausdorf, B. (2013). New phylogenomic data support the monophyly of Lophophorata and an Ectoproct-Phoronid clade and indicate that Polyzoa and Brachiozoa are caused by systematic bias. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 253. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-253
  24. Bernt, M., Bleidorn, C., Braband, A., Dambach, J., Donath, A., Fritzsch, G., Golombek, A., Hadrys, H., Jühling, F., Meusemann, K., Middendorf, M., Misof, B., Perseke, M., Podsiadlowski, L., von Reumont, B., Schierwater, B., Schlegel, M., Schrödl, M., Simon, S., Stadler, P. F., Stöger, I. & Struck, T. H. (2013). A comprehensive analysis of metazoan mitochondrial genomes and animal phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69: 352-364. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.05.002
  25. Golombek, A., Tobergte, S., Nesnidal, M. P., Purschke, G. & Struck, T. H. (2013). Mitochondrial genomes to the rescue – Diurodrilidae in the myzostomid trap. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68: 312–326. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.03.026
  26. Struck, T. H. (2013). The impact of paralogy on phylogenomic studies – a case study on annelid relationships. PLoS ONE 8: e62892. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062892
  27. Perseke, M., Golombek, A., Schlegel, M. & Struck, T. H. (2013). The Impact of Mitochondrial Genome Analyses on the Understanding of Deuterostome Phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 898-905. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.11.019
  28. Thornhill, D. J., Struck, T. H., Ebbe, B., Lee, R. W., Mendoza, G. F., Levin, L. A. & Halanych, K. M. (2012). Adaptive Radiation in Extremophilic Dorvilleids: Diversification of a Single Colonizer or Multiple Independent Lineages? Ecology & Evolution 2: 1958–1970. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.314
  29. Hartmann, S., Helm, C., Struck, T. H., Tiedemann, R., Selbig, J. & Bleidorn, C. (2012). Phylogenomic analysis of the adult myzostomid Solexa-based transcriptome. PLoS ONE 7: e29843. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029843
  30. Zhong, M., Hansen, B., Nesnidal, M., Golombek, A., Halanych, K. M. & Struck, T. H. (2011). Detecting the symplesiomorphy trap: A multigene phylogenetic analysis for terebelliform annelids. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11: 369. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-369
  31. Struck, T.H. (2011). Direction of evolution within Annelida and the definition of Pleistoannelida. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 49: 340-345. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2011.00640.x
  32. Struck, T. H., Paul, C., Hill, N., Hösel, C., Kube, M., Lieb, B., Meyer, A., Tiedemann, R., Purschke, G. & Bleidorn, C. (2011). Phylogenomic analyses unravel annelid evolution. Nature 471: 95-98. DOI: 10.1038/nature09864
  33. Dordel, J., Fisse, F., Purschke, G. & Struck, T. H. (2010). Phylogenetic position of Sipuncula derived from multi-gene and phylogenomic data and its implication for the evolution of segmentation. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 48: 197-207. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2010.00567.x
  34. Struck, T. H. & Halanych, K. M. (2010). Origins of holopelagic Typhloscolecidae and Lopadorhynchidae within Phyllodocidae (Phyllodocida, Annelida). Zoologica Scripta 39: 269–275. DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00418.x
  35. Zanol, J., Halanych, K. H., Struck, T. H. & Fauchald, K. (2010). Phylogeny of the bristle worm family Eunicidae (Eunicida, Annelida) and the phylogenetic utility of noncongruent 16S, COI and 18S in combined analyses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55: 660-676. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.12.024
  36. Podsiadlowski, L., Braband, A., Struck, T. H., v. Döhren, J. & Bartolomaeus T. (2009). The mitochondrial genome of Lineus viridis and mitochondrial gene order variation in Lophotrochozoa. BMC Genomics 10: 364. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-10-364
  37. Struck, T. H., Nesnidal, M. P., Purschke, G. & Halanych, K. M. (2008). Detecting Possibly Saturated Positions in 18S and 28S Sequences and their Influence on Phylogenetic Reconstruction of Annelida (Lophotrochozoa). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 628–645. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.05.015
  38. Zhong, M., Struck, T. H. & Halanych, K. M. (2008). Phylogenetic information from three mitochondrial genomes of Terebelliformia (Annelida) worms and duplication of the methionine tRNA. Gene 416: 11–21. DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2008.02.020
  39. Struck, T. H. & Fisse, F. (2008). Phylogenetic position of Nemertea derived from phylogenomic data. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25: 728–736. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msn019
  40. Hausdorf, B., Helmkampf, M., Meyer, A., Witek, A., Herlyn, H., Bruchhaus, I., Hankeln, T., Struck, T. H. & Lieb, B. (2007). Spiralian phylogenomics supports the resurrection of Bryozoa including Ectoprocta and Entoprocta. Molecular Biology and Evolution 24: 2723-2729. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msm214
  41. Halanych, K. M., Cox, L. N. & Struck, T. H. (2007). A brief review of holopelagic annelids. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47: 872-879.
  42. Struck, T. H. (2007). Data congruence, paedomorphosis and salamanders. Frontiers in Zoology 4: 22. DOI: 10.1186/1742-9994-4-22
  43. Struck, T. H., Schult, N., Kusen, T., Hickman, E., Bleidorn, C., McHugh, D. & Halanych, K. M. (2007). Annelida phylogeny and the status of Sipuncula and Echiura. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 57. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-7-57
  44. Struck, T. H. (2006). Progenetic species in polychaetes (Annelida) and problems assessing their phylogenetic affiliation. Integrative and Comparative Biology 46: 558-568. DOI: 10.1093/icb/icm086
  45. Struck, T. H., Purschke, G. & Halanych, K. M. (2006). Phylogeny of Eunicida (Annelida) and Exploring Data Congruence using a Partition Addition Bootstrap Alteration (PABA) approach. Systematic Biology 55: 1-20. DOI: 10.1080/10635150500354910
  46. Struck, T. H., Purschke, G. & Halanych, K. M. (2005). A scaleless scale worm: Molecular evidence for the phylogenetic placement of Pisione remota (Pisionidae, Annelida). Marine Biology Research 1: 243-253. DOI: 10.1080/17451000500261951
  47. Struck, T. H. & Purschke, G. (2005). The sister group relationship of Aeolosomatidae and Potamodrilidae (Annelida: “Polychaeta”) – a molecular phylogenetic approach based on 18S rDNA and cytochrome oxidase I. Zoologischer Anzeiger 243: 281-293. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcz.2005.01.001
  48. Burnette, A. B., Struck, T. H. & Halanych, K. M. (2005). Holopelagic Poeobius meseres (“Poeobiidae,” Annelida) Is Derived From Benthic Flabelligerid Worms. Biological Bulletin 208: 213-220. DOI: 10.2307/3593153
  49. Struck, T. H., Halanych, K. M. & Purschke, G. (2005). Dinophilidae (Annelida) is most likely not a progenetic Eunicida: Evidence from 18S and 28S rDNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 619-623. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2005.07.010
  50. Jördens, J., Struck, T. & Purschke, G. (2004). Phylogenetic inference regarding Parergodrilidae and Hrabeiella periglandulata (‘Polychaeta’, Annelida) based on 18S rDNA, 28S rDNA and COI sequences. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 42: 270-280. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2004.00265.x
  51. Struck, T., Hessling, R. & Purschke, G. (2002). The phylogenetic position of the Aeolosomatidae and Parergodrilidae, two enigmatic oligochaete-like taxa of the ‘Polychaeta’, based on molecular data from 18S rDNA sequences. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 40: 155-163. DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0469.2002.00200.x
  52. Struck, T. H., Westheide, W. & Purschke, G. (2002). Progenesis in Eunicida (“Polychaeta,” Annelida) - separate evolutionary events? Evidence from molecular data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25: 190-199. DOI: 10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00231-2


Other publications

Invited book chapters (peer-reviewed)

  1. Struck, T. H. & Cerca, J. (2019). Cryptic species and their evolutionary significance. In: Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester. DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0028292
  2. Struck, T. H. (2018). Phylogeny of Annelida. Zoology Online. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin. DOI: 10.1515/9783110291582-002
  3. Struck, T. H. (2017). Spiralia/Lophotrochozoa. In Laurin, M. (editor) The Evolutionary Tree of Life. UNESCO-EOLSS, New York.
  4. Struck, T. H. (2017). Phyolgeny of Annelida. In Gopalakrishnakone, P. & Malhotra, A. (editors) Evolution of Venomous Animals and Their Toxins. Springer, Berlin DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-6727-0_15-1
  5. Struck, T. H., Purschke, G., Dordel, J., Hösel, C., Nesnidal, M. P., Fisse, F., Bleidorn, C., Paul, C., Hill, N., Tiedemann, R., Selbig, J. & Hartmann, S. (2014). Phylogeny and evolution of Annelida based on molecular data. In Wägele, W. & Bartolomaeus, T. (editors) Deep Metazoan Phylogeny: The Backbone of the Tree of Life. New insights from analyses of molecules, morphology, and theory of data analysis. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.
  6. Hankeln, T., Wey-Fabrizius, A., Herlyn, H., Witek, A., Weber, M., Nesnidal, M. P. & Struck, T. H. (2014). Phylogeny of platyzoan taxa based on molecular data. In Wägele, W. & Bartolomaeus, T. (editors) Deep Metazoan Phylogeny: The Backbone of the Tree of Life. New insights from analyses of molecules, morphology, and theory of data analysis. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.
  7. Bleidorn, C., Helm, C., Weigert, A., Eeckhaut, I., Lanterbecq, D., Struck, T. H., Hartmann, S. & Tiedemann, R. (2014). From morphology to phylogenomics: placing the enigmatic Myzostomida in the tree of life. In Wägele, W. & Bartolomaeus, T. (editors) Deep Metazoan Phylogeny: The Backbone of the Tree of Life. New insights from analyses of molecules, morphology, and theory of data analysis. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.



  1. Cerca, J., Johnsen, A., Gusarov, V., Struck, T. H. & Bachmann, L. (2020). Naturhistoriske samlinger i den molekylære æraen – en kostbar hobby eller en bærebjelke for moderne forskning? Naturen 3: 110-116. DOI: 10.18261/issn.1504-3118-2020-03-07
  2. Struck, T. H., Feder, J. L., Bendiksby, M., Birkeland, S., Cerca, J., Gusarov, V. I., Kistenich, S., Larsson, K.-H., Liow, L. H., Nowak, M. D., Stedje, B., Bachmann, L. & Dimitrov, D. (2018). Cryptic Species – More Than Terminological Chaos: A Reply to Heethoff. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 33: 310–312. DOI:10.1016/j.tree.2018.02.008
  3. Börgel, C., Lethmate, J., Sommermeyer, J. & Struck, T. H. (1993). Blei im Quellwasser – Ein Fallbeispiel zu den ökosystemaren Folgen der Luftverschmutzung. Biologie In Unserer Zeit 23: 63–70. (Work done as a high school student). DOI: 10.1002/biuz.19930230124


Invited book reviews

  1. Struck, T. H. (2007). Book Review: Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Annelida. Greg Rouse and Frederik Pleijel (editors) 2006. Volume 4 of Series: Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny. Barrie G.M. Jamieson (editor). Science Publishers, Enfield, NH, USA. Acta Zoologica 88: 351–353. DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6395.2007.00275.x

Get in Touch

Frontiers in Evolutionary Zoology

Natural History Museum

University of Oslo

Address: Sars gate 1, 0562 Oslo, Norway


Phone: +47-228-51740

Copyright © All Rights Reserved.